2016 Honeybee Removal Information

Rex Smith’s Honeybee Removal – 2016

If you are in need of having a honeybee swarm picked up, or a full colony of bees removed from a structure – please see the following links for my contact information:  (These same links are in the top menu bar on this website as well.)

Also please understand that most bee removal specialists are overwhelmed beginning in March with calls.  In peak season I personally receive between 30-40 calls per day – and do 1-3 full removals per day.  If I do not answer the phone, I am probably in a hive – so please do leave a message and I will return the call as quickly as possible.

Removal Information:
http://www.bohemianutopia.com/wordpress/?page_id=2

Frequently asked questions (and my answers):
http://www.bohemianutopia.com/wordpress/?page_id=512

Smoking Out Bee Mites (USDA Article)

The following article was forwarded to me from a friend.    It indicates that at least 20 years ago, research was being done to determine ways to get rid of the varroa mites.  We now have other treatments available to us to use.  And some beekeepers use methods that range from “apicentric” to the other end of the spectrum in a full chemical warfare.   Either way – bees and beekeepers are dealing with our dreaded “bug on a bug”.

The original article from the United States Department of Agriculture is linked at the end of this post.
The article states as follows :

Smoking Out Bee Mites

Beekeepers have a long-established practice of using smoke to calm their bees before opening the hive. Now U.S. Department of Agriculture scientists have found another potential benefit from smoke: Some plants, when burned, give off natural chemicals that control honey bee mites.

Brownish-orange bumps on the backs of these bees are Varroa jacobsoni mites. Photo by Lila De Guzman. Image Number K5069-21

Brownish-orange bumps on the backs of these bees are Varroa jacobsoni mites.
Photo by Lila De Guzman. Image Number K5069-21

Frank A. Eischen, an entomologist with USDA’s Agricultural Research Service in Weslaco, Texas, has found that smoke from certain plants either kills varroa mites or causes them to fall off the bees.

This mite began infesting honey bee colonies in the United States in the 1980s, was discovered in 1987, and has since become the biggest threat to managed honey bees. The mites attach to bees and feed on their blood. If the infestation is severe and left untreated, the mites usually kill the colony.

The standard treatment for the mites is fluvalinate, a synthetic pyrethroid harmless to the bees. Beekeepers put fluvalinate-impregnated strips in their hives to kill mites, but they can use the strips only during times when bees are not making honey. Otherwise, the chemical could contaminate it.

Another problem with fluvalinate is that European researchers have reported that mites are developing resistance to the chemical.

Several years ago, Eischen began looking for alternative controls for mites. So far, he has tested smoke from about 40 plants. The first one he tried was a desert shrub called creosote bush, native to Mexico, Texas, and other areas of the Southwest. A Mexican beekeeper, David Cardoso, had recommended that Eischen test the olive-green plant, known in Mexico as gobernadora.

Eischen set up a standard lab test, placing 300 to 400 mite-infested bees inside a cage and covering the cage with a plastic container. Then he put the plant material inside his smoker, lit it, puffed the smoke into the container, and corked the plastic container opening to prevent the smoke from escaping.

He kept the smoke inside for 60 seconds, then removed the bees. Next, he placed the bees over a white, sticky card to catch any mites that fell off the bees.

Varroa jacobsoni mite. Photo by Scott Bauer. Image Number K5111-10

Varroa jacobsoni mite. Photo by Scott Bauer. Image Number K5111-10

“Lo and behold, the smoke from creosote bush was knocking down mites right, left, and center,” Eischen says. “It gave us the idea to start looking at other plants that, when burned, give off chemicals that removed the mites without harming bees.”

Among the 40 different plants Eischen has tested, the most promising plants are creosote bush and dried grapefruit leaves. Creosote bush smoke achieves a 90 to 100 percent mite knockdown after 1 minute, but Eischen says that excessive exposure can harm the bees. “It’s similar to burning tobacco in that respect,” he says. “It’s hard to find chemicals that remove mites without harming bees.”

Grapefruit leaves fit that description. After 30 seconds, smoke from the grapefruit leaves knocked down 90 to 95 percent of the mites in the cage test. With grapefruit leaves, however, few of the mites are killed. Most simply fall off the bees.

“The smoke chemicals either irritate the mites or confuse them. We aren’t exactly sure,” Eischen says. “But we do know that the grapefruit leaf smoke doesn’t seem to have any bad effects on the bees at all. The bees come through fine.”

Eischen stresses that the findings thus far are preliminary. “These are crude experiments, and we haven’t yet analyzed the active chemicals in the smoke that knock down the mites,” he says.

“We’re not yet telling beekeepers to use these methods for controlling varroa mites,” says Eischen. “We’re using these experiments to try to identify and isolate the chemicals that act as miticides.” — By Sean Adams, ARS.

Dr. Frank A. Eischen is at the USDA-ARS Honey Bee Research Laboratory, 2413 E. Hwy. 83, Weslaco, TX 78596; phone (956) 969-5007.

 

The original article is located here: http://agresearchmag.ars.usda.gov/1997/aug/mitesmoke/

Another Brick In the Wall

Luckily, these bees have only been in this home for about 2 months.  The homeowner was trying to do yard work – and was getting tagged occasionally by bees – so his wife made sure that he called a beekeeper to do a live removal (as opposed to having them exterminated).

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They were entering at the soffit trim level (trim-to-brick transition).  Usually this places the hive into the soffit – HOWEVER – this time, I know that was unlikely – as the soffit was not shaded by a tree or by a higher portion of the home.  The attic & soffit space in this case – gets WAY too hot for comb to stay solid – and is too hot for the bees to survive.

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They had to be lower – in the area shaded by the soffit.  As soon as the trim was removed, I could see comb going downwards – behind the brick.  After a brief discussion with the homeowner to confirm with him about the hive location – I proceeded to remove 4 bricks to access and pull out the comb.

The queen was found and caged, and the remainder of the bees were collected into a hive body.

Dscn3151Then repairs to the brick commenced.  (note – repairs are ALWAYS the responsibility of the homeowner – however, it is advisable to close the area pretty quickly – so I can do the non-cosmetic repairs – and can typically quote a price before starting the removal.)

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Honeybee Out-Yard

A friend of mine has inquired several times about having hives put on their land – both for adding to the biodiversity of the land and flora, but also for the State Agriculture Exemption that includes having honeybees as livestock.

Every county can decide how many hives per acre are required, and the tax exemption is currently for a minimum of 5 acres, and up to 20 acres.

Hives were loaded up the night before

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Then driven to their property.

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and setup onto hive stands.  Each holds 5 hives (4 comfortably, 5 hives are pretty tight together)

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Some of the hives were smaller 5-frame hives that were ready to move up to full-sized 10-frame boxes.  The bees are all setup in front of an unused chicken coop.

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Somewhere Over the Bedroom

Honeybees moved into this space over a bedroom (in the joist space between floors) about a month and a half ago.

The bees were not a problem for the homeowner, however, they were concerned for the safety of their dogs – so called to have the bees removed.

Dscn3037The bees are entering at the junction of where the siding meets the brick.  There was about a 1/4″ gap.  The bees had taken up residence just behind the band-board of the joists – but not accessible from the drywall area of the bedroom.  The comb width was about 16″ (joist spacing), by about 12″ tall.

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External Hive Removal

This home has had a colony of bees on the side for about a month.  The homeowner was informed about the bees – and a call was made to investigate and get them to brighter pastures.

Here’s the view as I peered through the shrubbery:
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I could not tell yet (for certain) whether or not this was a new hive – or an extension of a larger hive within the soffit or wall.  After removing the external comb – it was determined that the hive did NOT go into the structure of the home.

The comb with eggs and brood was saved, the queen was found and placed into a hive body with the comb – and the residual wax removed from the home.  I also ran a fresh bead of caulk to make sure that bees could not enter in the future (from this spot, anyway).

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Here are a few pics and a video of the bees orienting to the new box:

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And the video:

 

Cliff-side Bees

Bees have lived in this soffit for a short amount of time.  The property was being sold, and the new buyers wanted the bees to be removed as a part of their purchase agreement.

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While the bees were in a 1st floor soffit – it was a high soffit… and a precarious drop below my ladder footing.  The picture below shows my view from the ladder.. down to a creek bed another 20-30 feet below the ladder footing.

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The bees presented a strange phenomenon – there was plenty of brood, and plenty of bees… and we had a good nectar flow going on at the time – HOWEVER – the comb was dry as a bone.  No honey stores whatsoever.  This, friends is why you feed your bees if there is a dearth of nectar that is acceptable to them.

Dscn2978 Dscn2982Once the bees and comb was removed – the space was filled with insulation, and put back together.

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One Bee’s Trash (can) is another Bee’s Home…

This trash can was a removal from a client earlier in the year.  Bees had moved into the can last fall – and overwintered… however when they tagged the homeowner a few times – he decided it was time to call me.

I brought the bees home with me – and figured I would move them out of the trash can as soon as I made time.  With them bearding outside the can last week (see photo) – it was time!

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Once I opened up the side of the can, I saw that it was a MESS inside.  The previous owner of said trash can had almost FILLED it up with sticks & cutting debris.  The comb was all intertwined in the twigs – so I was only able to salvage about half of the brood-comb…  Even with that – I was able to save about 10 frames of comb.  There was a LOT – but it was a messy removal (and not with honey).

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After the move from trash can to box – which took about 2.5 hours of careful work, there was still about the same amount of bees bearded on the outside of the new box.  I added another medium sized box to the deep a day or so later, and with cool weather – they all finally went in – and are now performing as they should.

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(Update – 1 week later, I have given them time to settle.  After checking the hive and frames of comb that was salvaged – I did find that fresh eggs have been laid – so they DO have a queen, even though I have not caught sight of her as yet)

 

Condo Bees

The tenant in this condo has seen bee activity since he moved in last November.  Given the number of holes in the side of the building – I am not surprised at all.  He had a sticky spot on the upstairs wall of his home – which alerted him to the possibility of honeybees in that wall.  The spot on the wall, though – was NO WHERE near the entrance the bees were using.  My laser thermometer could not verify presence of bees in the wall at all…  However, it DID show that warmth was transmitting through the floor – in the joist space between the 1st and 2nd floors – above the entryway of the back porch.

Dscn3007 Dscn3008These bees in the space I opened had only been here for a about a month.  the comb was nice and fresh, pure white, and had a fantastic brood pattern.

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I found the queen on the 2nd piece of comb that was removed, and she posed nicely for the camera.  😉

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Joist Space Removal – Plano Tx 4-28-2016

Bees have been entering this unoccupied home for an unknown amount of time.  (After viewing and examining the comb – I believe the space had been occupied for at least 2 years).  Click on each photo for a larger version of each one – and there are 4 videos linked in this post.

Img_1952 Img_1953Initial view of the home.

And of the kitchen corner:

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Img_1955 Img_1956 Img_1957 Img_1958Comb seen from the opening in the dining area.  First 3 photos are straight up – last photo is to the next joist space to the left.

Initial opening view – Video  Able to see that comb is behind the 2×12, and access would have to be made from the outside as well for the hive to be removed.

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More comb…

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The patio cover has no comb inside of it.

Img_1963 Img_1964Siding off – And insulation panel exposed

Wood panel opened

Comb was LARGE.  Right at 2′ tall.

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Bees removed, comb removed, and filling the void with insulation, then replacing the wood panel, insulation panel, and vinyl siding.

Also the drywall inside was replaced into its’ position.

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Inside:

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And for fun – a view of what I dealt with during the removal.  This was a feeding frenzy of neighborhood bees cleaning up the honey while I was working.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garage Apartment Bees

Several weeks ago, an attentive homeowner watched as a swarm moved into the joist space between floors of a backyard “garage apartment”.   On eviction day – access to the comb was through the flooring above the bees.  A laser thermometer showed that there was a hot-spot in the corner – marking the space where the brood and bees would be.

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Once opened, the bees were very docile.  The queen was quickly found in a cluster of bees

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She was a runner!

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